Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1969. First Edition. Two-tone cloth. 8vo, white quarter horizontally-banded cloth with gold spine lettering above red three-quarter red cloth, Appendix with Legislative documents, Bibliography, xix, [xx] + 285 pages with Index. Fine / Fine. Item #2851
An important study for anyone interested in serfdom and Poland from 1848-1914. During this period, peaseants sometimes were allowed to avoid compulsory labor if they paid rent to the landlord usually by selling their own crops. However, such rental agreements were at the landlord's discretion, so he could insist upon compulsory labor at any time. Nor did allowing the descendants of peasants to inherit the use of the land they worked, for landlords could cancel agreements and change terms at will, so serfdom persisted.
Under serfdom, "All the land belonged to feudal masters--king, bishop or abbot, lord or gentleman, and occasionally a rich burgher. In this region of the exclusively large estates, all the arable land was divided into two parts: (1) the manorial farm, and (2) the village land, given in usufruct to individual peasants. The village land was meant to provide for the subsistence of the peasants; the manorial farm was tilled by the compulsory labor of the same peasants, working for the master...The disappearance of serfdom and compulsory labor did not end the division of land into manorial and village areas. It only changed the relationship between the two areas. The former serf, who had previously owed compulsory labor, now became an independent farmer, the owner of his land. The folwark became a capitalist enterprise run by hired labor. A new social class appeared on the countryside, almost unknown in the feudal epoch: the farmhands, the rural proletariat."--excerpted
EXCEPTIONAL CONDITION internally & externally--with the Fine dj which is often tattered or lost.